Enter your email below and we will send you your password

COSIAC Newsletter September 2011 Friday, 2 September 2011

A summary of resources, research and news in open scholarship from january 2011

RESOURCES
Help with navigating the issues on making educational resources open access
These are developed in the UK by JISC but are designed for general use. The wizards navigate through the licence compatibility issues which arise when blending Creative Commons (CC) licensed resources into open educational resources. They have been created for use by JISC-funded open educational resources projects, but it is anticipated that they will have to be applicable to other projects throughout the creative industries internationally. The toolkit will help people to understand the range of Creative Commons licences which are compatible with each other when they are blending Creative Commons licensed resources to create open educational resources. Access the wizards.  The wizards are supported by a suite of IPR resources and tools designed for OER projects. Visit the suite.
Open access what you need to know - publication
Available as an ebook or in print: "Academic libraries routinely struggle to afford access to expensive journals, and patrons may not be able to obtain every scholarly paper they need. Is Open Access (OA) the answer? In this ALA Editions Special Report, Crawford helps readers understand what OA is (and isn’t). Addressing the subject from the library perspective while taking a realistic view of corporate interests, Crawford presents a coherent review of what Open Access is today and what it may become." 
http://www.alastore.ala.org/detail.aspx?ID=3281
Australian Governments Open Access and Licensing Framework
AusGOAL site is now live. AusGOAL, the Australian Governments Open Access and Licensing Framework, provides support and guidance to government and related sectors to facilitate open access to publicly funded information. AusGOAL makes it possible for organisations to manage their risks when publishing information and data in a way that drives innovation and entrepreneurial activities; providing enhanced economic and social benefits to the wider community. AusGOAL is aligned with numerous open government initiatives around the world and supports the Australian Information Commissioners Open Access Principles (HTML).
http://www.ausgoal.gov.au
List of repositories for research data
DataCite, BioMed Central and the DCC are pleased to announce an international list of repositories for research data.
http://datacite.org/repolist
New principles of open public sector information released
The Principles on open public sector information form part of a core vision for government information management in Australia. They rest on the democratic premise that public sector information is a national resource that should be available for community access and use. Principle 1: Open access to information – a default position Principle 2: Engaging the community Principle 3: Effective information governance Principle 4: Robust information asset management Principle 5: Discoverable and useable information Principle 6: Clear reuse rights Principle 7: Appropriate charging for access Principle 8: Transparent enquiry and complaints processesMore information is available at :
http://www.oaic.gov.au/infopolicy-portal/reports_infopolicy.html 
 
Very interesting (and clear) slides about how the Big Deal is a rip-off
These are fantastic because they explain the problems with the Big Deal and how 'savings' often aren't. It argues we should be negotiating individual subscriptions per journal.
http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/mm11sp-bergstrom.pdf
Neat short video about why open access helps the economy
Yes it is all blokes speaking, and it is talking about the UK economy, but it is otherwise useful.
http://www.sparcspaces.org/video/2011/04/the-case-for-open-access-how-is-open-access-important-to-the-uk-economy-and-society-mark-patterson/
Open source way of tracking laboratory equipment
JISC Kit-Catalogue Project relates to the cataloguing and opening up of information and access to laboratory equipment used for research and/or teaching. Kit-Catalogue is an online system (PHP/MySQL) that can help any organisation effectively catalogue, record and locate their kit. This might be laboratory equipment, workshop machines, ICT and specialist tools - in fact any physical asset that requires descriptive information to be recorded, the item located and then used to its full potential. It is hoped the open source system will be released in July, with the open data exposed in October/November. Please join up to the mailing list for updates on the software.
http://kit-catalogue.lboro.ac.uk/project/projectpages/interested.php)
Jorum - a UK open learning resource but open access for everyone
Check this out if you haven't seen it: Jorum is a JISC-funded Service in Development for UK Further and Higher Education, to collect and share learning and teaching materials, allowing their reuse and repurposing. Through Jorum anyone, anywhere can find, use and repurpose learning and teaching resources. A key function for Jorum is to support Open Educational Resources (OER) including the JISC/Higher Education Academy funded Programme.
New OA journal BIOLOGY OPEN
Online Only, Open Access - Launching Autumn 2011
The Company of Biologists is pleased to announce BIOLOGY OPEN (BiO), a new online only, Open Access journal publishing original research across all aspects of the biological sciences including cell science, developmental biology and experimental biology. The journal aims to provide rapid publication for peer reviewed, scientifically sound observations and valid conclusions in these allied fields.  BIOLOGY OPEN will address some big issues in publishing and is supported by John Gurdon, Alan (Rick) Horwitz, Tim Hunt, Martin Raff and Cheryll Tickle.To receive pre launch news and emailed table of contents, please email marketing@biologists.com
Impact factor of open access journals
The blog - WoW! Wouter on the Web - has uploaded a list showing the impact factor of open access journals
It makes interesting reading, not least because the impact factors are, generally, quite low. There are some exceptions of course, Nucleic Acids Research is 1.638, and Studies in Mycology is 1.492. As a comparison, Nature and Science have impact factors of about 30, but BMJ (British Medical Journal) is about 13.  You can download the item from the following URL but note it is a Google doc and so you need a Google account.
http://wowter.net/2011/01/06/the-impact-factor-of-open-access-journals/
RESEARCH
Brief Institutional Repository Survey. Final Report. UCF Libraries Scholarly Communication Taskforce 21st July
From Peter Suber, SPARC Open Access Newsletter, 2nd August.The U of Central Florida released the results of its survey of institutional repositories. Among the findings: "Of the fifty four (54) responses 95.9% were from 4 year/Masters and/or PhD granting universities with 92.3% of the IRs falling within the institutions' libraries. The survey revealed that IRs report to a wide variety of units within the libraries including the library administration, digital services or technical services. From these results it shows that IRs' success may be more a function of the people driving the effort than its setting. From the question (#6) concerning which positions are involved with IR operations, the results show that in general there are about 3-4 people working on the IR. And finally, of the twelve (12) institutions reporting actual funding levels for their hardware, software and subscriptions, the range was $1000 to $110,000, with an average of $22,746."
https://docs.google.com/leaf?id=0BxkgPIg_bq5NMmQxNGViMjEtMTNmMy00YjY2LWI4MzQtYTU5NGIyODgwNzk0&hl=en_US
Open Access up for Review: Academic Attitudes towards Open Access Publishing in Relation to Tenure and Promotion Jun 2011
Christie Hurrell and Karen Meijer-Kline, Open Excess 1 (2), (Jun 2011) Abstract: Our proposed study will investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs around Open Access (OA) publishing among academic faculty and administrators who sit on tenure and promotion committees. 
http://tsc.library.ubc.ca/index.php/journal4/article/viewFile/104/pdf_10
 
Recent Article - The Conundrum of Sharing Research Data June 21, 2011
The Conundrum of Sharing Research Data Christine L. Borgman. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, pp. 1-40, 2011.   

The deluge of research data has excited researchers, policy makers, and the general public. Not only might research be reproducible, but new questions can be asked, with great benefit to research, innovation, education, and the citizenry. However, very little data is being shared, despite the best efforts of funding agencies and journals. This article explores the complexities of data, research practices, innovation, incentives, economics, intellectual property, and public policy associated with the data sharing conundrum – “an intricate and difficult problem.”
http://works.bepress.com/borgman/244/
 
Recent Article - Data Sharing by Scientists: Practices and Perceptions - 5th July
Tenopir C, Allard S, Douglass K, Aydinoglu AU, Wu L, et al. (2011) Data Sharing by Scientists: Practices and Perceptions. PLoS ONE 6(6): e21101. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021101

A total of 1329 scientists participated in this survey exploring current data sharing practices and perceptions of the barriers and enablers of data sharing. Barriers to effective data sharing and preservation are deeply rooted in the practices and culture of the research process as well as the researchers themselves. New mandates for data management plans from NSF and other federal agencies and world-wide attention to the need to share and preserve data could lead to changes. Large scale programs, such as the NSF-sponsored DataNET (including projects like DataONE) will both bring attention and resources to the issue and make it easier for scientists to apply sound data management principles.
 
http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0021101
Survey of research behaviour in medical academics - 24 May 2011
Primary Research Group has published The Survey of Medical School Faculty: Use of Journals, Databases, Repositories and other Medical Information Resources, ISBN 157440-169-6.
The report gives highly detailed data on medical school faculty use of databases, journals, institutional digital repositories, medical blogs, wikis and listservs and other medical information resources. The report also covers the extent of use of the library, including number of times researchers conduct searches, and visit the library. The study relates highly detailed information on the percentage of medical faculty who have received training on specific medical databases such as Ovid, PubMed, Medline, Web or Science and many others, as well as their preferences for print or online versions of medical journals.To view a table of contents or sample pages, or to place an order, view our website at www.PrimaryResearch.com.
 
Survey of 8,000 authors show they favour Open Access and see direct evidence of the positive impact 18 May 2011
InTech, an Open Access publisher, has made available results from a recent survey of over 8,000 authors to determine their attitudes towards Open Access. The benefits of the Open Access (OA) model continue to be debated by publishers and librarians, but relatively little research has been undertaken to understand the attitudes of researchers. It was with this in mind that InTech, a commercial Open Access publisher with a focus on book publishing, commissioned TBI to survey its 25,000 author-base to help better understand researcher awareness of and attitudes towards this evolving model. Key findings of the survey include:
  • There is overwhelming approval amongst researchers for free access to their work (75% rate as "important" or "very important"), whatever their country of origin
  • Authors want to see direct evidence of the positive impact that OA has for them and their work if they are to be persuaded to pay publication charges
  • There remains widespread misunderstanding and some mistrust of the OA model and OA publishers
The full results of the survey can be downloaded at: external link: http://www.intechweb.org/public_files/Intech_OA_Apr11.pdf
Article on participation in open science - May 2011
Angus Whyte, Graham Pryor (2011) "Open Science in Practice: Researcher Perspectives and Participation" International Journal of Digital Curation, Vol 6, No 1

Abstract: We report on an exploratory study consisting of brief case studies in selected disciplines, examining what motivates researchers to work (or want to work) in an open manner with regard to their data, results and protocols, and whether advantages are delivered by working in this way. We review the policy background to open science, and literature on the benefits attributed to open data, considering how these relate to curation and to questions of who participates in science. The case studies investigate the perceived benefits to researchers, research institutions and funding bodies of utilising open scientific methods, the disincentives and barriers, and the degree to which there is evidence to support these perceptions. Six case study groups were selected in astronomy, bioinformatics, chemistry, epidemiology, language technology and neuroimaging. The studies identify relevant examples and issues through qualitative analysis of interview transcripts. We provide a typology of degrees of open working across the research lifecycle, and conclude that better support for open working, through guidelines to assist research groups in identifying the value and costs of working more openly, and further research to assess the risks, incentives and shifts in responsibility entailed by opening up the research process are needed.
 
Overview of advocacy of open access article
Maitrayee Ghosh, (2011) "Advocacy for open access: a selected review of the literature and resource list", Library Hi Tech News, Vol. 28 Iss: 2, pp.19 - 23
 
Note I was not able to open this article, but the abstract includes: :The literature review is not comprehensive but selective and fairly recent; it includes published resources from the last ten years and lists organizations advocating for a sustainable OA model. Findings – The advocacy roles for librarians in promoting the OA movement, and the challenges they are facing in this era are discussed. The author stresses that a proactive approach in information handling and collaboration with information technology staff and academics are essential for OA to be sustainable."
Report on Green vs Gold open access publishing - April 2011
CEPA and Mark Ware Consulting, "Heading for the open road: costs and benefits of transitions in scholarly communications"  RIN, London, April 2011.
http://www.rin.ac.uk/trans-dynamics 

Summary - this cost benefit report concludes that "The so-called "Gold" (or author-pays) route to open access is the only access expansion model that the report considers to be fully sustainable." STM Publishers have 'welcomed the report' and commented that "we see no future in this 'nobody pays' model". However, note that STM Publishers is "the leading global trade association for academic and professional publishers" who clearly have a vested interest in gold publishing over green. Green open access is not a 'nobody pays' model - the work still gets published and subscribed to. The concern of the publishers is that eventually no-one will subscribe because the work is available open access. That said, the report itself comes from Research Information Network who are known for doing substantive work. For those of you who don't have time to read the report, here's an article from Times Higher Education 21 April 2011 about the report (!)
http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=415902
 
Survey of academic awareness, attitudes & practices in scholarly communication - March 2011
Moore, Gale. 2011. Survey of University of Toronto Faculty Awareness, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Scholarly Communication: A Preliminary Report. Toronto: University of Toronto. 185p.
https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/handle/1807/26446
 
Abstract: This is a report on the 2010 online survey of the University of Toronto faculty on their awareness, attitudes and practices regarding scholarly communication. The objectives of the study were to collect evidence regarding the current practices of faculty with regard to scholarly communication – primarily scholarly publishing and dissemination; to obtain evidence of their awareness and attitudes toward the changes in practices and forms that are occurring in publishing and dissemination with the turn to the digital, and to stimulate conversation on these topics among faculty within departments, faculties and academic units across the university, as well as with other members of the scholarly communication ecosystem. Detailed findings, including faculty comments, and a summary of findings organized around a number of broad themes that emerged out of the detailed findings are included. The summary includes comparisons with the results from a 2006 survey of faculty at the University of California. The documents are in T-Space, the University of Toronto's research repository.
 
Copyright and Open Access for Academic Works Nov 2010
Copyright and Open Access for Academic Works by Frank Müller-Langer, Richard Watt
Abstract: In a recent paper, Prof. Steven Shavell (see Shavell, 2009) has argued strongly in favor of eliminating copyright from academic works. Based upon solid economic arguments, Shavell analyses the pros and cons of removal of copyright and in its place to have a pure open access system, in which authors (or more likely their employers) would provide the funds that keep journals in business. In this paper we explore some of the arguments in Shavell’s paper, above all the way in which the distribution of the sources of journal revenue would be altered, and the feasible effects upon the quality of journal content. We propose a slight modification to a pure open access system which may provide for the best of both the copyright and open access world.
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1647586
MEDIA ARTICLES/COMMENTARY 
Blog on eScholarship
Belinda Weaver has started a blog at UQ called "eScholarship: research data, publishing, impact …"
We aim to cover everything we can in this space - data citation, data sharing, policy, projects and initiatives, reports, changes to scholarly publishing, open access, collaboration services and tools - you name it - so some of the posts should be of interest to people on this group. The URL is :
http://www.library.uq.edu.au/blogs/sp 

Y
ou can to subscribe via RSS. An example is: "Replace Impact Factor with Usage Factor".
http://www.library.uq.edu.au/blogs/sp/2011/08/04/replace-impact-factor-usage-factor
UK Council of Research Repositories - blog
Described as "A blog for the committee of the UKCoRR, to record/report on our activity on behalf of our members" and it has lost of stuff that is focused on projects in teh Uk, but tehre are a few gems in there, like a discussion about how far to go when dealing with people's misconceptions about open access. 
http://ukcorr.blogspot.com/
 
Series of articles on scholarly publishing in The Conversation - July/Aug
These cover all aspects of the access to schoalrly communication debate:
 
Open access and academic journals: the publishers respond (11 Aug)
http://theconversation.edu.au/open-access-and-academic-journals-the-publishers-respond-2804
 
How one small fix could open access to research (3 Aug)
http://theconversation.edu.au/how-one-small-fix-could-open-access-to-research-2637
 
The pros and perils of ditching academic publishers (1 Aug)
http://theconversation.edu.au/the-pros-and-perils-of-ditching-academic-publishers-2590
 
Copyright or copywrong? How journals control access to research (28 Jul)
http://theconversation.edu.au/copyright-or-copywrong-how-journals-control-access-to-research-2517
 
Explainer: Open access vs traditional academic journal publishers (27 Jul)
http://theconversation.edu.au/explainer-open-access-vs-traditional-academic-journal-publishers-2511
 
How academic journals price out developing countries (26 Jul)
 
Putting a price on knowledge: the high cost of academic journals (25 Jul)
 
How ‘publish or perish’ is ruining finance education (24 Jul)
 
Please reject me: a survivor’s guide to ‘publish or perish’ (20 May)
Poynder gives some numbers in growth of open access 19 June 2011
A useful post referring to research in the area including Bjork's work that shows "On June 13th 2011 Björk and colleagues published a new paper reporting an average annual growth rate since 2000 of 18% for the number of OA journals and 30% for the number of articles. This, the paper suggests, “can be contrasted to the reported 3.5% yearly volume increase in journal publishing in general. In 2009 the share of articles in OA journals, of all peer reviewed journal articles, reached 7.7%. Overall, the results document a rapid growth in OA journal publishing over the last fifteen years.”  And other research that "suggest that between 2005 and 2010 the percentage of Green OA rose from about 15% per year to about 21%, which amounts to an increase of about 1% per year."
http://poynder.blogspot.com/2011/06/open-access-by-numbers.html
Good description of academic publishing and why we need open access 26 May 2011
This Economist article is easy to read and understand and could be used as a 'background' handout for people who are trying to explain why open access matters.
http://www.economist.com/node/18744177
Poynder's analysis of what's happening with new publishing models 8 March 2011
Abstract: Open Access (OA) advocates argue that PLoS ONE is now the largest scholarly journal in the world. Its parent organisation, Public Library of Science (PLoS), was co-founded in 2001 by Nobel Laureate Harold Varmus. What does the history of PLoS tell us about the development of PLoS ONE? What does the success of PLoS ONE tell us about OA? And what does the current rush by other publishers to clone PLoS ONE tell us about the future of scholarly communication?
http://poynder.blogspot.com/2011/03/plos-one-open-access-and-future-of.html
Summary of new open access publishing models 25 January 2011
"A number of recent product launches have drawn attention to the changing nature of STM journal publishing. In particular, a number of publishers representing the whole of the scientific, technical, medical and social science and humanities scholarly spectrum are investing in the development of potentially very large content platforms that peer review for rigour rather than impact, and that will rely on post-publication mechanisms such as blogs and metrics to market their content effectively." Basically a whole lot of publishers are copying the PLoS ONe model. (This article should be available as a 'sample' through Outsell)
http://www.outsellinc.com/store/insights/11386
Two unis move to open source learning management software - Campus Review 9 May 2011
"In the Moodle: two more unis make switch" Beverley Head, Campus Review 9 May 2011
http://www.campusreview.com.au/pages/section/article.php?s=News&idArticle=20824#
 
Flinders and Monash Universities are the latest in a conga line of tertiary institutions making the move to the open source-based learning management environment Moodle and away from proprietary systems. Learning management environments or systems (LMS) provide the technical scaffolding from which academics can hang their teaching content. They have become increasingly important as universities seek to offer blended learning opportunities, mixing in-classroom and online learning. Local IT services business NetSpot has announced it has been selected to help Flinders transition from its…
NEWS 
Universities Join Together to Support Open-Access Policies 9th August
The Chroncile of Higher Education, 9th August 2011. Kansas and 21 other universities and colleges announced that they’re joining forces to form the Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions, or Coapi. The new group will “collaborate and share implementation strategies, and advocate on a national level,” it said in a statement. The group’s members so far include Arizona State, Columbia, Duke, Emory, Harvard, Oregon State, Stanford, and Trinity universities as well as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Oberlin College. “The goal is to provide more practical advice and ideas for refining and expanding policies on our individual campuses but also to leverage those policies into action,”
http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/universities-join-together-to-support-open-access-policies/32632
Harvard employing students to be 'open access fellows'
These are students who who help faculty to make deposits into DASH (the Harvard OA repository), answer questions about the Open Access Policies, and help depositors complete metadata descriptions of items being placed in the repository.
http://openbiomed.info/2011/06/oa-fellows-harvard/
OpenDOAR reaches its 2000th Repository – 27th July
SHERPA Serviceshas announced that the OpenDOAR directory now boasts over 2000 repository entries from across the globe.
As OpenDOAR forms a major quality target resource for services such as the OpenAIRE Deposit Service and OpenDepot, 2000 entries is a significant step forward in enabling the global virtual repository network to cooperate in new and innovative ways.
OpenDOAR provides a comprehensive, authoritative and quality checked list of institutional and subject-based repositories. In addition it encompasses archives set up by funding agencies like the National Institutes for Health in the USA and the Wellcome Trust in the UK and Europe. 
http://www.opendoar.org/
Partnership between BMJ Open and the Dryad Data Repository – 18th July
BMJ Open is a new online-only, open access journal from the esteemed London-based BMJ Group. It is dedicated to publishing medical research from all disciplines and therapeutic areas, utilizing fully open peer review and immediate online publication.
http://blog.datadryad.org/2011/06/27/bmj-open-a-new-partner-and-an-expanded-scope/
Public response on behalf of SPARC, SPARC Europe and COAR regarding publishers self-deposit policies - 15 April 2011
COAR - the Confederation of Open Access Repositories has put up a statement on their site asking repository managers not to negotiate individually with publishers. This is because they have noticed a trend of the publishers trying to increase embargo periods. They call on publishers "not to further hinder the deposit, and accessibility, of pre-prints with additional restrictions, regulations and policies. Proliferation of this practice will result in an environment that is confusing to navigate for end users, and increasingly difficult for individual institutions to effectively maintain".
 
And STM's response - 19 April 2011
Not surprisingly the International Association of Scientific Technical and Medical Publishers takes a different viewpoint: ""We hold the view that conflating author rights issues and institutional content licenses serves only to add greater complexity and possible legal uncertainty to such licenses without adding meaningful benefits for authors."
http://www.stm-assoc.org/2011_04_19_STM_statement_on_licensing_and_authors_rights.pdf
LODUM (Linked Open Data University of Münster)
The University of Münster launched LODUM (Linked Open Data University of Münster), a university-wide OA project. "The comprehensive LODUM approach includes an Open Access strategy for publications as well as publishing any non-sensitive data online following the Linked Data principles....Data sources existing across the different sites of the university will remain in place, leaving the control and responsibility in the hands of the original owner and minimizing the acquisition of new hardware....While the current focus is on scientific data and publications, other data, such as class schedules and administrative data, can also be integrated once the LODUM infrastructure is in place… 
http://lodum.de/about
ARC rule changes supporting open access - Dec 2010
There are two sections in the new funding rules for the 2012 ARC grants relating to making work more open - researchers can now spend up to 2% of their grant on paying for publication in an OA journal, and if they don't put their work into a repository, they must justify why they have not done so.
5.2.2 Publication and dissemination of Project outputs and outreach activity costs may be supported at up to two (2) per cent of total ARC funding awarded to the Project. The ARC strongly encourages publication in publicly accessible outlets and the depositing of data and any publications arising from a Project in an appropriate subject and/or institutional repository.
13.3.2 The Final Report must justify why any publications from a Project have not been deposited in appropriate repositories within 12 months of publication. The Final Report must outline how data arising from the Project has been made publicly accessible where appropriate.
http://www.arc.gov.au/pdf/DP12_fundingrules.pdf
EVENTS - UPCOMING
Open Repositories Conference 2012 Announced
The Open Repositories 2012 Conference has now been announced. The 7th International Conference on Open Repositories will be hosted by the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, July 9-13, 2012.
http://sites.tdl.org/openrepositories
EVENTS - PAST
Government 2.0 in theory and practice 25 July 2011
Professor Beth Noveck, NYLS and Professor Brian Fitzgerald, QUT/CCi Monday 25 July, 1.00 - 2.30 PM, Ground floor, 80A George Street, Brisbane Free admission, RSVP by 22 July 2011. Register online at the following URL:
http://bit.ly/mbdzhh
Meeting discussing open access around world 19 May 2011
IFLA, along with Electronic Information for Libraries (eIFL) and UNESCO, held an Interactive Facilitation Meeting on Open Access in Geneva, Switzerland on May 19th, as part of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum 2011. http://www.ifla.org/en/node/5630
 
The meeting looked at the current achievements of the key players in the field of open access and facilitated a discussion about whether they are replicable across countries. Participants addressed how open access could be included in national and regional research and educational policies. The recent IFLA Statement on Open Access was also introduced and discussed. The panelists' presentations are available:
 
Sanjaya Mishra, Programme Specialist (ICT in Education, Science and Culture), UNESCO-Promoting Open Access to Scientific Information. PDF.   

Lars Bjornhauge, Chief Librarian, Lund University Library, Sweden (Member of IFLA President's Working Group on Open Access)-Open Access: a Movement in Progress. PDF.
 
 
Iryna Kuchma, eIFL Open Access Programme Manager-Open Access Policies in Developing and Transition Countries. PDF. 
 
Jens Vigen, the Head of Scientific Information Service and the Head Librarian of the European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN, Member of the High Level Expert Group on Scientific Data, Geneva, Switzerlan-Removing Barriers to Science. PDF.