COSIAC Newsletter February 2012
Monday, 20 February 2012
A summary of resources, research, news and events in open scholarship for the preceding month
What exactly is Fair Use? An American resource
The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) announces the release of the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries, a clear and easy-to-use statement of fair and reasonable approaches to fair use developed by and for librarians who support academic inquiry and higher education. This is based on US copyright law of course but could be helpful. http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/code-of-best-practices-fair-use.pdf
Three short videos about other uni's OA policies
These three minute videos have the relevant people from the Universities of Kansas, Glasgow and Harvard talking about their OA policies. It could be useful to send on to anyone that needs promoting in this area within your institution. http://www.sparcspaces.org/video/2011/12/campus-oa-policies-interviews-from-the-berlin-9-conference/
Where is OA around the world?
This blog post: "Illustrations of the global reach of the open access movement" has two maps, which show that eurpoe is by far the biggest area in OA followed by the US. It's worth a look. http://poeticeconomics.blogspot.com/2012/01/illustrations-of-global-reach-of-open.html
A surfboard for riding the wave: towards a four country action programme on research data
Good review article on incentives, training needs, infrastructure, and funding of research data management. This report calls for a collaborative data infrastructure that will enable researchers and other stakeholders from education, society and business to use, re-use and exploit research data to the maximum benefit of science and society. This paper presents an overview of the present situation with regard to research data in Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom and offers broad outlines for a possible action programme for the four countries in realising the envisaged collaborative data infrastructure. An action programme at the level of four countries needs the … “Many research libraries are strategically repositioning themselves within their institute and seek a role in supporting research by setting up repositories for open access publications and creating discovery services for datasets” (p. 18). http://www.voced.edu.au/content/ngv48428
What are the problems with sharing data?
Data Debate: Is transparency bad for science? This is a blog about the debate held on 6 December 2011. It has links to the You Tube video of nearly 1.5 hours. In the debate that followed, academic publishers came up for heavy criticism for their unwillingness to open up the data they publish and make it easily accessible to the public. George Monbiot and David Colquhoun rounded on them for hiding publicly funded research behind prohibitively expensive pay walls. http://science.okfn.org/2011/12/15/the-data-debate-at-imperial-college-london/
Are you able to embed your repository?
The JISC repositories self-assessment tool, created by their repositories support project, may be of interest to some of you. “It is designed to help HEIs identify the current position of their repository and how easy or otherwise it will be to embed the repository in culture, systems and processes that make up the institution’s management of research outputs. Once completed, it will allow repository managers and other stakeholders to understand the priorities and challenges and focus their plans for change” http://www.rsp.ac.uk/embeddingguide/self-assessment-tool/
An argument you can use for getting more conference papers into the repository
RIN has released "Access to scholarly content: gaps and barriers" Overall, 23.6 per cent of researchers rate conference papers as `extremely important’ for their work. They are much more difficult to access than journal articles: 34.4 per cent of researchers and knowledge workers describe their current level of access to conference papers (in print or online) as `poor’ or `very poor’. http://www.rin.ac.uk/node/1172
New open access list you might want to join
The Global Open Access List (GOAL) is the successor of the American Scientist Open Access (AmSci) Forum, which was the first Open Access Forum, begun in 1998 and hosted for 13 years (1998-2011) by Sigma Xi. http://amsci-forum.amsci.org/archives/American-Scientist-Open-Access-Forum.html
GOAL is accordingly dedicated to the discussion of Open Access practice and policy-making by the worldwide research community (in no order: researchers, universities, research institutions, research funding agencies, governmental research policy-makers and commercial entities) with the aim of enabling concrete, practical steps to be taken to achieve Open Access. Chief among these goals are techniques for increasing the amount of Open Access, as well as metrics of research usage and impact. The new archive for GOAL is: http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/pipermail/goal/
We knew they made a lot of money but this is ridiculous
Heather Morrison's open thesis includes this: 'The enormous profits of STM scholarly publishers' All are in the for-profit sector, and the profits are enormous. As reported in the Economist (2011): “ Elsevier, the biggest publisher of journals with almost 2,000 titles, cruised through the recession. Last year it made £724m ($1.1 billion) on revenues of £2 billion—an operating-profit margin of 36%”. Springer’s Science + Business Media (2010) reported a return on sales (operating profit) of 33.9% or € 294 million on revenue of € 866 million, an increase of 4% over the profit of the previous year. In the first quarter of 2012, John Wiley & Sons (2011) reported profit of $106 million for their scientific, medical, technical and scholarly division on revenue of $253 million, a profit rate of 42%. This represents an increase in the profit rate of 13% over the previous year. The operating profit rate for the academic division of Informa.plc (2011, p. 4) for the first half of 2011 was 32.4%, or £47 million on revenue of £145 million, an increase of 3.3% over the profit of the previous year. Please cite as: Morrison, Heather (2011). Chapter two: scholarly communication in crisis. Freedom for scholarship in the internet age. PhD Dissertation (in progress). http://pages.cmns.sfu.ca/heather-morrison/chapter-two-scholarly-communication-in-crisis/
When you have a lot of $ you can spend it on lobbying
The Lobbying Expenditure Database shows that Reed Elseveir spent $1,150,000 on lobying in 2011. And that's relatively little compared to a few years ago. http://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/clientsum.php?id=D000028557
Book review - Reinventing Discovery
The Guardian review of 'Reinventing Discovery: The New Era of Networked Science by Michael Nielsen' states "… Science in the 21st century is a victim of more than three centuries of its own astonishing success. It now finds itself struggling to catch up with the general trend in society towards openness. The web has had a far greater impact on everyday life than on scientific research. The more public access to information improves, the more absurd it seems that much of the web's most reliable and useful information is inaccessible. …" http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/nov/24/reinventing-discovery-michael-nielsen-review
Electronic theses bibliography
Digital Scholarship has released the Electronic Theses and Dissertations Bibliography, Version 6. It includes selected English-language articles, books, conference papers, technical reports, unpublished e-prints, and other scholarly textual sources that are useful in understanding electronic theses and dissertations. Most sources have been published from 2000 through 2011; however, a limited number of earlier key sources are also included. The bibliography includes links to freely available versions of included works. It is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License. http://digital-scholarship.org/etdb/etdb.htm
New Book - 'Managing Research Data'
Edited by Graham Pryor, Associate Director of the Digital Curation Centre,
Published by Facet, Managing Research Data aims to introduce the broader research community to such core issues of data management as the terms of compliance with funder expectations, the context and recommended approaches to individual and institutional data management planning, the
roles and responsibilities of key players in the research data lifecycle, as well as detailed reports of initiatives, strategies and organizations being deployed nationally and on a global scale.
ISBN 978-1-85604-756-2, See http://www.facetpublishing.co.uk/title.php?id=7562.
New Issue of NISO's Information Standards Quarterly Magazine Focuses on Benefits of Standards Implementation
The Fall 2011 issue of NISO’s Information Standards Quarterly magazine is now available in open access in PDF from the NISO website. In this issue of ISQ, we provide several specific examples of the benefits of implementing standards, ranging from savings in staff time to improved customer service and a way to attract new customers. Specific case studies are included for the NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP), the Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI), and the Shared Electronic Resource Understanding (SERU). http://www.niso.org/publications/isq/2011/v23no4/
NISO and NFAIS Issue Draft for Public Comment of Recommended Practice on Supplemental Materials for Journal Articles
The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and the NationalFederation for Advanced Information Services (NFAIS) have issued a new Recommended Practice on Online Supplemental Journal Article Materials, Part A: Business Policies and Practices (NISO RP-15-201x) for public comment ending on February 29, 2012 and is available for download from the NISO website at: www.niso.org/workrooms/supplemental.
Publishers, authors, librarians, abstracting and indexing services, and repository administrators are all encouraged to review and comment on this draft.
Open access is changing the face of academic publishing
Abstract: The case studies illustrate how a new technology and a business model enabled by new technology can be harnessed to find new innovative ways for the organization and content of scholarly publishing. Several recent launches of OA journals by major subscription publishers demonstrate that OA is rapidly gaining acceptance as a sustainable alternative to subscription-based scholarly publishing. Björk BC, A Study of Innovative Features in Scholarly Open Access Journals J Med Internet Res 2011;13(4):e115 http://www.jmir.org/2011/4/e115/
Librarians talking to researchers about data
Abstract (abridged): As libraries become more involved in curating research data, reference librarians will need to be trained in conducting data interviews with researchers to better understand their data and associated needs. This article seeks to identify and provide definitions for the basic terms and concepts of data curation for librarians to properly frame and carry out a data interview using the Data Curation Profiles (DCP) Toolkit. The DCP Toolkit is a semi-structured interview designed to assist librarians in identifying the data curation needs of researchers. The components of the DCP Toolkit were analyzed to determine the base level of knowledge needed for librarians to conduct effective data interviews. Specific concepts, definitions, and examples were sought through a review of articles, case studies, practitioner resources and from the experiences of the Purdue University Libraries. Carlson, J. (2012). Demystifying the data interview: developing a foundation for reference librarians to talk with researchers about their data. Reference Services Review, 40(1), 7-23. Available from:
Open Access Textbook Publishing
Journal of Scholarly Publishing 43, no. 2 (2012): Includes "An Experiment in Open-Access Textbook Publishing: Changing the World One Textbook at a Time"
Survey on open access in Europe (2012)
The European Commission launched in August 2008 the open access pilot in FP7. It concerns all new projects from that date in seven FP7 research areas. Grant beneficiaries are expected to deposit peer-reviewed research articles or final manuscripts resulting from their projects into an online repository and make their best efforts to ensure open access to those articles within a set period of time after publication. Selected results - Almost 70 % of respondents with an opinion think that it is better to use self-archiving rather than open access publishing to satisfy the open access requirement in FP7. Three quarters of those respondents with an opinion would agree or strongly agree with an open access mandate for data in their research area, providing that all relevant aspects (e.g. ethics, confidentiality, intellectual property) have been considered and addressed. http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/document_library/pdf_06/survey-on-open-access-in-fp7_en.pdf
Got a system where people don't deposit directly? SWORD could help
Abstract: The SWORD (Simple Web-service Offering Repository Deposit) protocol was designed to facilitate the interoperable deposit of resources into systems such as repositories. The use of an interoperable standard eases the burden of developing clients to deposit such resources. This paper examines nine different deposit use cases, and provides case studies and examples of each use case to demonstrate the wide range of repository deposit scenarios. The use cases range from the deposit of scholarly communication outputs from a publisher to a repository and the automatic deposit of data from laboratory equipment, to inter-repository transfer and collaborative authoring workflows. Stuart Lewis, Pablo de Castro, Richard Jones 2012 SWORD: Facilitating Deposit Scenarios. 'D-Lib Magazine Vol 18 (1/2) http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january12/lewis/01lewis.html
Proposal for evaluating whether online articles support changing schol comms.
Abstract: I propose five factors — peer review, open access, enriched content, available datasets and machine-readable metadata — as the Five Stars of Online Journal Articles, a constellation of five independent criteria within a multi-dimensional publishing universe against which online journal articles can be evaluated, to see how well they match up with current visions for enhanced research communications. Achievement along each of these publishing axes can vary, analogous to the different stars within the constellation shining with varying luminosities. I suggest a five-point scale for each, by which a journal article can be evaluated, and provide diagrammatic representations for such evaluations. While the criteria adopted for these scales are somewhat arbitrary, and while the rating of a particular article on each axis may involve elements of subjective judgment, these Five Stars of Online Journal Articles provide a conceptual framework by which to judge the degree to which any article achieves or falls short of the ideal, which should be useful to authors, editors and publishers. I exemplify such evaluations using my own recent publications of relevance to semantic publishing. David Shotton (2012) 'The Five Stars of Online Journal Articles — a Framework for Article Evaluation', DLib Magazine, Vol 18 (1/2)
New PhD on open access
"The Influence of the National Institutes of Health Public-Access Policy on the Publishing Habits of Principal Investigators" Athanasia (Nancy) Pontika, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Simmons College, Boston, MA, USA Poster presented to Berlin9 is through a Google Doc - https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=explorer&chrome=true&srcid=0B3M8WbWcGihpNGRmYTU0ZDUtZTI1OC00MDFkLTlmZmMtNjRhYWVmY2YwOTcz&hl=en_US
New model of scholarly communication
The current system of publishing in the biological sciences is notable for its redundancy, inconsistency, sluggishness, and opacity. These problems persist, and grow worse, because the peer review system remains focused on deciding whether or not to publish a paper in a particular journal rather than providing (1) a high-quality evaluation of scientific merit and (2) the information necessary to organize and prioritize the literature. Online access has eliminated the need for journals as distribution channels, so their primary current role is to provide authors with feedback prior to publication and a quick way for other researchers to prioritize the literature based on which journal publishes a paper. Kravitz DJ and Baker CI (2011) Toward a new model of scientific publishing: discussion and a proposal. Front. Comput. Neurosci. 5:55. doi: 10.3389/fncom.2011.00055
How can libraries help data management?
Abstract: In an effort to support the University of Houston's goal of becoming a Carnegie-designated Tier One research university, several science librarians within the Department of Liaison Services have undertaken a study to assess current data management practices on campus. The goal of this study was to determine if data management needs are being met on campus and how the library might help meet those needs. We found that rather than physical storage capacity, researchers need assistance with funding agencies' data management requirements, the grant proposal process, finding campus data-related services, publication support, and targeted research assistance attendant to data management. Petersa, Christie & Drydena, Anita Riley, Assessing the Academic Library's Role in Campus-Wide Research Data Management: A First Step at the University of Houston", Science & Technology Libraries 30, no. 4 (2011) Available if you have a subscription: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0194262X.2011.626340
Open access - it is not just the good stuff
The results reveal that open access papers in general receive more citations. Moreover this research finds that 1) papers in high-ranked journals do not have a higher open access rate, and 2) papers in lower-ranked journals have a greater rate of citations if they are freely accessible. The findings are contrary to the existing theory that the higher citation rate of open access papers is caused by authors posting their best papers online. It is hoped that the results can help electronic publishers and digital project managers to adjust their strategies in open access advocacy Jingfeng Xia, Katie Nakanishi, (2012) "Self-Selection and the Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles", Online Information Review, Vol. 36 Iss: 1
Mathematicians are pro OA but put stuff on their own sites
Abstract: This article reports research mathematicians' attitudes about and activity in specific scholarly communication areas, as captured in a 2010 survey of more than 600 randomly-selected mathematicians worldwide. Key findings include: • Most mathematicians have papers in the arXiv, but posting to their own web pages remains more common; • A third of mathematicians have published papers in open access (OA) journals, with speed of publication being seen as the primary advantage over traditional journals, but there is substantial philosophical opposition to OA journal models that charge author fees; • Tenure and promotion criteria influence publishing decisions even among most tenured faculty members; • Mathematicians want to keep more rights to their publications than they have been allowed, but they have a high success rate in negotiating with publishers for more; • Online collaboration tools, such as Google Groups, are not yet widely used for research but their use is expected to rise in the near future. Reasons behind the mathematics culture of openness were also explored. Kristine Fowler, 'Mathematicians' Views on Current Publishing Issues: A Survey of Researchers', Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, (15 Dec 2011) Fall 2011 issue. http://www.istl.org/11-fall/refereed4.html
OpenAIRE – Releases ‘Studies on Subject-Specific Requirements for Open Access Infrastructure’
OpenAIRE has recently released its "Studies on Subject-Specific Requirements for Open Access Infrastructure". Designed as a comparative study covering five disciplines (Health, Climate, Agriculture, ICT, e-infrastructures) it provides in-depth insight into researchers' behaviour and current practices. With a focus on research workflows, literature and data management the case studies address key questions on how subject-specific needs can be represented in an Open Access
infrastructure. Moreover, each case study provides a vision and principles for future information services to further exploit OA principles from a disciplinary perspective as well as advices to future
directions for funding agencies.
C. Meier zu Verl, & W. Horstmann (Eds.). 2011. Studies on Subject-Specific Requirements for Open Access Infrastructure. Bielefeld: Universitätsbibliothek. ISBN: 978-3-943363-00-5
Overview: http://bit.ly/openaire_studies DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2390/PUB-2011-1
Google Scholar discoverability of repository content
Kenning Arlitsch, Patrick Shawn OBrien, (2012) "Invisible Institutional Repositories: Addressing the Low Indexing Ratios of IRs in Google Scholar", Library Hi Tech, Vol. 30 Iss: 1
Purpose - Google Scholar has difficulty indexing the contents of institutional repositories, and the authors hypothesize the reason is that most repositories use Dublin Core, which cannot express
bibliographic citation information adequately for academic papers. Google Scholar makes specific recommendations for repositories, including the use of publishing industry metadata schemas over DublinCore. This paper tests a theory that transforming metadata schemas in institutional repositories will lead to increased indexing by Google Scholar.
Practical implications - Institutional repositories are achieving significant mass, and the rate of author citations from those repositories may affect university rankings. Lack of visibility in Google Scholar, however, will limit the ability of IRs to play a more significant role in those citation rates.
Ebsco subscription required to access article via this link : http://linksource.ebsco.com/linking.aspx?sid=google&auinit=K&aulast=Arlitsch&atitle=Invisible+Institutional+Repositories:+Addressing+the+Low+Indexing+Ratios+of+IRs+in+Google+Scholar&title=Library+Hi+Tech&volume=30&issue=1&date=2012&spage=4&issn=0737-8831
The parable of the farmers and the Teleporting Duplicator
A very sweet and simple parable which describes the OA situation in terms of food distribution. The Guardian, Mike Taylor, 10 February 2012 Imagine a world where food is cheap and freely available, thanks to the amazing Teleporting Duplicator. What could go wrong?…http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/blog/2012/feb/10/parable-farmers-teleporting-duplicator?CMP=twt_gu
The process of publishing open access isn't that great (for authors)
This blog 'Open access publishing is not a panacea' argues that there are problems as an author with publishing in gold OA journals. It also argues that peer review needs to change. http://blogs.crikey.com.au/croakey/2011/12/12/what-is-the-future-of-scientific-publishing/
Simple argument that free is inevitable
While the argument actually is 'free' to the reader rather than no cost to the system, this is a clear and easy to understand summary of the economic situation with open access. Sutton, Carolin, 'Is free inevitable in scholarly communication? The economics of open access' College and Research Library News, Dec 2011 pp642-645 http://crln.acrl.org/content/72/11/642.full.pdf+html
Academic Publishers: Suicide Bombers Against the Academy
This is a rant about the 'renting' of articles (mentioned in the last issue of the newsletter) and how this is closing access to research. http://archaeopop.blogspot.com/2011/12/academic-publishers-suicide-bombers.html
'Scholarly license to print money' - The Australian 25 Jan 2012
By Colin Steele, this peice explains the current scholarly publishing situation with a summary of the current activities worldwide. It has good figures on Elsevier profits. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/higher-education/opinion/scholarly-licence-to-print-money/story-e6frgcko-1226252771554
New open access business model?
This article is commenting on the acquisition of the Polish STM publisher Versita by Berlin-based publisher Walter de Gruyter announced. It refers to a new OA business model - the "society-based" model. Mark Ware, A New Model Emerges for Open Access, 26 Jan 2012. It is subscription through OUtsell if you have one - http://www.outsellinc.com/about_us/team/Mark_Ware
New leadership of SPARC Europe
'Dr. Alma Swan has been appointed to the position of Director of European Advocacy, and Lars Bjørnshauge has been named SPARC’s Director of European Library Relations.' This is good news. Alma has been very involved in OA for many years, including starting Enabling Open Scholarship. http://www.arl.org/sparc/media/12-0118.shtml
Working out ways to make paying for OA easier
To facilitate straightforward funding of scientific publications in open-access journals, the Helmholtz Association, Germany's largest scientific research organisation, is now supporting the Compact for Open-Access Publishing Equity (COPE) http://www.oacompact.org. The research centres of the Helmholtz Association have declared their support of COPE and their willingness to establish sustainable mechanisms for the payment of reasonable open-access publishing fees. It is of primary concern to the Helmholtz Association that publishing in open-access journals will be as easy for its scientists as in journals with conventional financing. For further information see the press release: http://tinyurl.com/d3ff2r5
Using IRs for reporting - forcing the OA card
"The Board of Administrators of the FRS-FNRS (Fund for Scientific Research in French-speaking Belgium) has officially decided to use exclusively Institutional Repositories as sources of bibliographic data in support of grant or fellowship submission (except for foreign applicants) starting in 2013 (strongly encouraged in 2012). FRS-FNRS is by far the main funder for basic research in the Wallonia-Brussels Federation." Not surprisingly Stevan Harnad has embraced this announcement: https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/webadmin?A2=jisc-repositories;7929bffc.1112
Big publishers get bigger
Berlin, January 9, 2012 De Gruyter, the Berlin-based academic publishing company, is acquiring the publisher Versita. As a service provider to academic organizations and bodies, Versita publishes over 230 journals on Open Access basis, i.e. outside the traditional subscription model. With this acquisition De Gruyter is substantially increasing its presence in an important future market of academic publishing. The complete staff of Versita is being retained in this take-over. http://www.degruyter.com/dg/page/75/aktuelle-presseinformationen
Open Access Scholarly Publishing - California Digital Library Joins PKP as Major Development Partner
As the scholarly publishing landscape heats up with more talk of boycotts and Open Access mandates, research libraries increasingly find themselves at a crossroads between publishers and faculty -- and eagerly working to provide new solutions to entrenched problems. The California Digital Library’s (CDL) latest foray into this space, on behalf of the University of California system, focuses on supporting open source publishing infrastructure through a major development partnership with the Public Knowledge Project (PKP).
As a result of this agreement, the CDL will assist with PKP’s ongoing development and support of its open source software suite — Open Journal Systems (OJS), Open Conference Systems (OCS), and Open Harvester System (OHS), with Open Monograph Press (OMP) due for release in the coming year. To find out more about this initiative visit the PKP web site at http://pkp.sfu.ca
Webinar to help librarians get into data management
Karen Coyle will present her "five stars of library data," an analysis of the changes needed and some steps that libraries can begin to take immediately. She will also discuss the "open world" view of the linked data movement and how this view can increase the visibility of libraries in the global information space. This webinar will give an introduction to the types of changes that are needed as well as the value that can be realized in library services NISO/DCMI Joint Webinar on February 22: Taking Library Data From Here to There DATE: February 22, 2012 TIME: 1:00pm - 2:30pm Eastern (18:00-19:30 UTC) INFORMATION & REGISTRATION: http://www.niso.org/news/events/2012/dcmi/library_data/
DC 2012 - International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications: ’Metadata for Meeting Global Challenges’
3-7 September 2012, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
DC-2012 will explore the global, national and regional roles of metadata in addressing global challenges such as food security, the digital divide, and sustainable development. Metadata plays a significant role globally in information systems shaping how we know, monitor and change social and governmental systems affecting everything from the environment, human rights and justice to education and peace. DC-2012 will bring together in Kuching the community of metadata scholars and practitioners to engage in the exchange of knowledge and best practices in developing languages of description to meet these global challenges. DC-2012 is part of Knowledge Technology Week 2012 in Malaysia. For more information, see http://dcevents.dublincore.org/index.php/IntConf/index/pages/view/ktw2012
"The Value of Unique Scholarly Identifiers to Academics, Institutions and Countries". The conference is organized by the Association of Lithuanian Serials (see http://serials.lt). It will take place in Parliament of Lithuania (see http://lrs.lt), in Vilnius, Lithuania on February 14th, 2012. Read more about the conference at http://uniqueids.org.
Elsevier, my part in its downfall
Elsevier Publishing Boycott Gathers Steam Among Academics
The Chronicle, Josh Fischman, January 30, 2012 http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/elsevier-publishing-boycott-gathers-steam-among-academics/35216 Timothy Gowers of the University of Cambridge, who won the Fields Medal for his research, has organized a boycott of Elsevier because, he says, its pricing and policies restrict access to work that should be much more easily available …
As Journal Boycott Grows, Elsevier Defends Its Practices
The Chronicle, Josh Fischman, January 31, 2012 http://chronicle.com/article/As-Journal-Boycott-Grows/130600/ A protest against Elsevier, the world's largest scientific journal publisher, is rapidly gaining momentum since it began as an irate blog post at the end of January. By Tuesday evening, about 2,400 scholars had put their names to an online pledge not to publish or do any editorial work for the company's journals, including refereeing papers….
Spread the word: scientists are tearing down publishers' walls
Alex Holcombe, The Conversation 7 February 2012 Scientists just want to share – at least in one sense. When we believe we’ve discovered something new, we want to tell as many others as possible. We also want to provide all the information required to convince others we’re right. Yet most scientists' reports of their discoveries are not freely available…. http://theconversation.edu.au/spread-the-word-scientists-are-tearing-down-publishers-walls-5098
Maximizing the visibility of research outputs: COAR call for action - Open letter to Elsevier
6 February 2012 “With this letter”, says Norbert Lossau, Chair of COAR Executive Board, “The Confederation of Open Access Repositories is joining in the growing protest against Elsevier’s practices opposing open access. We strongly believe that open access will greatly improve the impact and use of scholarly publications, and maximize our collective global investment in research.” http://www.coar-repositories.org/news/coar-writes-open-letter-as-reaction-to-elseviers-practices/
Academics boycott publisher Elsevier
Bernard Lane, The Australian 8 February 2012 DON'T expect to see Julie Clutterbuck's name again in the Journal of Differential Equations. Or in any other journal owned by Elsevier, the Amsterdam-based behemoth of scholarly publishing. Clutterbuck, a mathematician at the Australian National University, has joined a global protest against Elsevier. At last count, more than 4300 academics had put their names to a website, The Cost of Knowledge, … http://www.theaustralian.com.au/higher-education/academics-boycott-publisher-elsevier/story-e6frgcjx-1226265110496
Richard Poynder’s interview with Alicia Wise from Elsevier
8 February 2012 The interesting part is the comments really. She’s made some enemies over the years it seems. Elsevier’s Alicia Wise on the RWA, the West Wing, and Universal Access http://bit.ly/y7Yi92http://poynder.blogspot.com.au/2012/02/elseviers-alicia-wise-on-rwa-west-wing.html
On another note: For a laugh check out the FakeElsevier Twitter feed: https://mobile.twitter.com/FakeElsevier
Response – congress fighting back
Federal Research Public Access Act
On February 9, U.S. Representative Mike Doyle (D-PA) introduced a bill that is a direct counterpart to the proposed Research Works Act (RWA), His Federal Research Public Access Act (FRPAA) of 2012, http://doyle.house.gov/FRPA112FINAL.pdf
This bill will require federal agencies with an “extramural” research budget of $100 million or more to “make federally-funded research available for free online access by the general public, no later than six months after publication in a peer-reviewed journal. The bill would also require that the “manuscript is preserved in a stable digital repository … that permits free public access, interoperability, and long-term preservation.” Doyle’s bill would mandate policies similar to the National Institute of Health’s Public Access Policy, but it would reduce the NIH’s maximum embargo from 12 months to six, and the policy would govern all major federal agencies. It also doesn’t specify what repository authors must deposit their manuscripts in, as NIH’s policy does.
University-Press Association Speaks Out on Public Access to Research
February 15, 2012, 2:07 pm, By Jennifer Howard The Association of American University Presses does not support the proposed Research Works Act, the group said in a statement released Tuesday. But it also does not support an opposing bill, the Federal Research Public Access Act, which would require public access to the results of federally financed research no later than six months after publication. The other bill would prevent federal agencies from imposing such mandates. http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/university-press-association-speaks-out-on-public-access-to-research/35475
RESEARCH WORKS ACT
Academic publishers have become the enemies of science
Research Bought, Then Paid For
Librarians, Open Access Advocates ‘Vehemently Oppose’ Research Works Act
Elsevier-funded NY Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney Wants to Deny Americans Access to Taxpayer Funded Research
Trying to roll back the clock on Open Access: Research Works Act introduced
American Library Association – District Dispatch January 9 - http://www.districtdispatch.org/
An example of one of the letters to Congress opposing the bill
Several AAP members have stated they do not want to have anything to do with the bill
Pennsylvania State University Press says No to Research Works Act - http://bit.ly/x9UzXE Peter Suber asks :” Can AAP Members stay neutral in the row over the Research Works Act?” http://poynder.blogspot.com/2012/01/can-aap-members-stay-neutral-in-row.html